Success and failures of protection of flora an fauna in France and overseas provinces.
Since 1976 IUCN-Fr has worked with relevant partners on the protection of species in France and its overseas provinces. According to the IUCN Red Data list (on the status of flora and fauna) France is scheduled amongst the 10 countries worldwide with the highest biodiversity.
Nevertheless, according to the actual regional Red Data list, more than 1100 species are listed vulnerable to almost extinct. Degradation, fragmentation, over exploitation, introduction of invasive species, pollution and climate change are the reasons that threaten biodiversity.
Since 1976 France is supporting the world relevant agreements as the Washington Convention, the Bern Convention and the Bonn Convention. Local legislation has been adapted to these international agreements to protect its biodiversity. In 40 years of species protection some positive results can be observed in various habitats, ranging from marine national parks in the Caribbean Antilles to the alpine regions on the European continent. Sea turtles, ibex, otter, butterflies and even the wolf and bear as emblematic species can be listed as to be saved. The pan European approach has been successful in protection of the European eel.
Nevertheless France should reinforce its activities in order to keep up to meet international obligations. The actual Red Data List is a good indicator and directs clearly on what species the focus should be directed in the years to come both in France and its overseas provinces.
Press release of IUCN-France, December 2016.